AKC PuppyFinder: Cairn Terrier Puppies
- Breed Traits
- Personality: Cheerful, alert, busy and independent-minded
- Energy Level: Very Active; Cairns are active, curious dogs who appreciate lots of long walks and places to explore
- Good with Children: Better with Supervision
- Good with other Dogs: With Supervision
- Shedding: Seasonal
- Grooming: Occasional
- Trainability: Responds Well
- Height: 10 inches (male), 9.5 inches (female)
- Weight: 14 pounds (male), 13 pounds (female)
- Life Expectancy: 13-15 years
- Barking Level: Barks When Necessary
- Breed Description
Perhaps best known as Toto in the Wizard of Oz, the Cairn Terrier is more than just a cute face. These dogs were bred in Scotland to hunt, chase down and rid farms of vermin. They're tough and smart, with a fearless never-say-die attitude. Your Cairn terrier puppy will love being with his family and will thrive on lots of affection, exercise and chances to explore. The same traits that make the Cairn Terrier such a good working dog can make him independent-minded, too, so obedience training and positive reinforcement will help him be an ideal family companion.
- History & Job
Year Recognized: 1913
Breed History & Job Description: Once upon a time in Scotland, a mound of stones used as a boundary or to mark a grave was called a cairn. Foxes and other furry pests would live within and beneath these rock piles. The Cairn Terrier was developed by Scottish farmers to dig into cairns and rout out the critters. The Cairn’s original job description explains their personality: independent, fearless, tough, smart, alert. These traits are all necessary for digging into a cairn alone and confronting sharp-toothed rodents.
The selection of a good veterinarian should be made promptly, as your puppy needs supervision of his vaccination schedule and preventive medicine against heartworms, as well as regular check ups. Cairns are sturdy and inherently healthy, but owners should not attempt to diagnose or treat a sick dog. Human medications can be harmful or fatal for dogs. Cairns are a healthy breed. But like all breeds there may be some health issues, like patellar luxation, eye and cardiac disease.
Read the Official Breed Club Health Statement.
Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club:
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- Cardiac Exam
- Patella Evaluation
- GCL DNA Test
- Kidney Aplasia/Dysplasia
- Breed Club